Different Types of Popular Mango Varieties in India That You Should Try!

Mango Varieties in India

The mango is also known as the king of tropical fruits. It is regarded as one of the most delicious and sought-after fruits in the world due to its unique and exquisite flavour. It is considered the king of tropical fruits. It is a very popular fruit due to its sweet and juicy taste and is also known for its health benefits. Being Indian, we can proudly say that mango is the king of fruits in India. There is no Indian who does not like the mango or mango shake. Besides its delicious taste, it is full of essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals like vitamins A, C, K, Potassium, beta-carotene and many more. It is a summer fruit known as “aam” in the Indian local language. There are over 1500 types of mangoes in the world. In this article, we will talk about the mango varieties in India, their properties and tastes.

Top 10 Famous Mango Varieties in India:-

1. Alphonso Mangoes

Alphonso Mangoes

Alphonso mango is also known as Hapus mango. It has a rich sweet taste with complex aromatic notes, which is why it is most popular among mango lovers. There is no surprise that Alphonso’s mango is the king of mangoes. It is an internationally loved mango variety. They are medium-sized with golden sunshine-yellow skin. Ratnagiri Alphonso mangoes are the most famous in India and are highly consumed mangoes. It is primarily cultivated in Maharashtra, particularly in the Ratnagiri, Devgad, and Konkan regions. Alphonso mangoes are a good source of vitamin C, vitamin A, Potassium and fibre. Its natural sweetness is driven by its natural sugars fructose and glucose. It is also rich in antioxidants, including beta-carotene and other carotenoids which help to provide potential health benefits. It is popularly used in making shakes, icecreams and desserts.

2. Kesar Mangoes

Kesar Mangoes

Kesar mangoes are also known as kesari. They own their name because of its saffron (kesar in Hindi) colour. It is known for its unique sweet taste and frequent and distinctive flavour. Do you know that the kesar mango is considered “the queen of mango”? It is the second most popular mango in India. They are also medium-sized with an oval shape. You can recognize the Kesari mango with its thin golden yellow colour with a blush of redness. From inside, it is juicy and smooth and sweet pulp. It is highly grown in the Girnar Hills of Junagadh, Gujarat, which is situated 320 km from Ahmedabad. Many Indians visit Girnar Mountain during the summer season just for fresh and juicy kesar mangoes. It provides vitamin C, vitamin A, and Potassium to the body for better digestive health. It is highly used in making jams, pickles and juices.


3. Dasheri Mangoes

Dasheri Mangoes

Dasheri Mango are well known for their sweetness and more pulp. It is a medium to large-sized mango with small seeds. It is a juicy variety of mango with thin, yellow skin with light red or orange spots. Its juicy pulp is smooth and fiberless. It is great to consume fresh and raw. It is also rich in vitamin C, Vitamins and dietary fibres. It is great to consume in any form. It is primarily found in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh. Many mango desserts and drinks are manufactured by the dasheri mangoes because of the large amount of pulp.

4. Totapuri Mangoes

Totapuri Mangoes 

Totapuri Mangoes are also known as Banganapalli, Bangalore or Sandersha mangoes. It is named tota puri because when it is ripped it has a green colour with a parrot’s beak appearance. Totapuri mangoes have a unique taste that is less sweet as compared to Alphonso and Kesar. It has a tangy taste with a slight sourness. Many mango lovers like its tangy taste. They are the largest-sized mangoes with an elongated and oblique shape. Totapuri mangoes are grown in southern states of India like Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu. Bangalore is the primary source of totapuri. They are also rich in vitamin A, vitamin C, and potassium. As said, they have a moderate sugar content. Raw totapuri mangoes are used in making chutneys and pickles. They are popular for commercial processing.


5. Langra Mangoes

Langra Mangoes 

Langra mango is very popular among the Indians. It originated from Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. The reason behind its unique name is- that it was first found on the farm of a man without legs, and then langra mango became famous with its name. It has fewer fibres and a smooth texture which tastes sweet and mildly tart. It is greenish-yellow in colour and medium to large-sized. Langra mango is great for mango lovers because it contains nutrients like Vitamin A, Vitamin C and Potassium. It contains dietary fibres, but less than other varieties of mangoes. It is highly used in the making of desserts, drinks and mocktails.

6. Chausa Mangoes

Chausa mangoes are highly popular in South Asia. It is a popular variety of mango from the northern states of India like Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. They are medium to large with a kidney-shaped appearance. Mango lovers can find chausa mangoes by their appearance with thin, bright yellow skin. They have a sweet honey-like flavour with a blend of slightly acidity. Its unique taste makes it the most appealing mango. Chausa mangoes can be eaten without cutting because they belong to the “sucking” category. They are also rich in vitamins like vitamin A, and vitamin C and minerals like potassium. They are often consumed fresh and raw but are also used in the making of desserts and juices. India exports chausa mangoes to many countries.

7. Piair/Paheri Mango

Pairi or Paheri Mango, finds its origin in western states of India ie: Gujarat and Maharashtra. It is a medium to small sized fruit with an approximate weight is around 200-300 gms. It has a golden yellow skin with a hue of red blush. It is sold in Gujarat calling it pure honey, however it does not have the same sweetness as honey but as it comes in early in Mango season (April) consumed in the place of Alphonso Mango. “Pairi” name originates from the Gujarati term for “greenery,” which is appropriate considering the rich green leaves of the Pairi Mango tree. Pairi Mangoes have been grown in India for centuries and were adored by the Mughal rulers for their health benefits and delightful flavor. These Days, Pairi Mangoes are farmed not just in India but also in different countries like Thailand, the Philippines and Mexico. Pairi Mangoes are farmed in tropical climates with adequate moisture and sunlight, needing regular watering and well-draining soil. These Mangoes are harvested from April to July when fully ripe they have juicy, soft flesh with fibrous texture. They are rich in vitamin A, vitamin C, potassium and dietary fiber. Pairi Mangoes offer numerous health benefits.

8. Neelum

 Neelam mango is another widely admired choice of mango, farmed in many regions across India particularly in  Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Even though cultivated in almost every part of India, the most flavorful and distinct species of Neelam mangoes comes from Andhra Pradesh during May to July. Name Neelum comes from the Neelum River of Pakistan where it is grown in abundance. In Comparison with other mangoes, Neelam Mangoes are recognizable by specific sweet aroma and are of smaller size, these mangoes exhibit an orange shade. These Mangoes are packed with essential minerals and vitamins crucial for health. Key nutrients include: Carbohydrates, Fiber, Protein, Fat, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Vitamin A, Vitamin K and  Potassium. This variety of mango has many health benefits like Supports Digestive Health, boosts Immune System, enhances Skin Quality and Reduces Cholesterol. Neelam Mango is an abundant vitamin C content that aids in guarding the body from illnesses and infections and strengthening immunity. The Mango is rich in fiber content which prevents constipation and facilitates healthy digestion. Neelam Mango’s Fiber and antioxidants decrease  the risk of heart disease by sharing value in lowering cholesterol levels. It is abundant in beta-carotene and vitamin C that profuse skin quality by shielding against UV damage and inspiring collagen production.


9. Kishan Bhog

 Kishan Bhog is one of the most admired varieties of Mangoes from Bihar and West Bengal. It is known for its richness of flavour and exquisite taste. This variety of mango is cultivated mainly in West Bengal, renowned for its flavoursome, large size and delicate thin-skinned texture. It contains no fibre. It offers unparalleled sweetness with a significant alluring aroma. The mango is farmed in West Bengal’s Malda, Hooghly, Nadia and Murshidabad districts. Murshidabad’s Kishan Bhog has the finest quality. Kishan Bhog Mango pops out among mango fans for its nutritional value and rare taste. It Weighs around 300-400 grams, this mango has a premium quality, greenish-yellow hue and remarkable sweetness. It is well known that indulging in eating this mango brings huge satisfaction to person’s taste buds. Moreover, Kishan Bhog Mango contains high amounts of vital nutrients such as fiber, vitamin C, and pectin which contribute in controlling cholesterol levels. This species of mango is highly recommended for cultivation in rooftop gardens, that offers a delightful aroma and presence to any garden at home. It is popular and lure to people of all ages, from children to the elderly, makes it a beloved choice across communities.

10. Bombay Green Mango

Bombay Green Mango is known as Keri or Kairi in Hindi. It is a species of mango harvested when mango is still unripe and green. It is a main diet in Indian cuisine which is smaller in size in comparison to ripe mangoes. Keri is locally grown in India, particularly Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat. It is harvested from April to June and has a distinctive tangy taste.The fruit is crunchy in texture, hard, distinguishing juicy flesh and light green. The tangy and sour flavour, accredit to citric and oxalic acid, adds flavour to dishes like pickles, salads and chutneys. In the blazing summer months, these mangoes work as a refreshing treat that aids in prevention of heat stroke and dehydration, due to their cooling properties. Moreover, Bombay Green Mangoes are helpful for heart health, accredit to their high pectin content, that regulates cholesterol levels and assists in weight loss by lessening dietary fat absorption. Its versatile culinary uses and tangy flavour offer a nutritious and delightful addition to midsummer meals.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions):-

Q.1 How many mango varieties are there in India?

In India, there are about 1500 mango varieties. Each type of mango has its unique taste and flavour. Every state and region provides a different type of mango flavour due to its environmental changes.

Q.2 Which type of mango is best?

The best types of mangoes are Alphonso, Haden, Ataulfo (Honey or Champagne), Kent, and Keitt. Each type has its unique flavour, fragrance, texture and sweetness. Well, the best mango for you totally depends on your personal preference. You should try different varieties of mangoes to find your best mango as per your taste preference.

Q.3 Which variety is the King of mango?

“Alphonso Mango” is the king of mango. It is a highly popular and widely used mango because of its taste. It is one of the most superior types. Alphonso mangoes are highly valued in many places, especially in India where they are widely grown. They are known for their rich flavour, buttery texture, and fragrant sweetness.

Q.4 Which is the number 1 mango?

Alphonso mango is the number 1 mango. It is said that if mango is the king of fruits then Alphonso mango is the king of mangoes. It is the finest mango variety due to its rich flavour, buttery texture, and fragrant sweetness.

Q.5 Which mango has the best taste?

Carabao mangoes have the best taste. It is a mango variety from the Philippines. Carabao mangoes hold the Guinness Book of World Records as the sweetest variety of mangoes. It is grown in the Philippines and is difficult to find in India.

Q.6 How many calories are in a mango?

If you consume 100 grams of mango, it will have approximately 60-70 calories. Mangoes do not contain most calories, so you can consume them without thinking about weight gain. Well, this is a general estimate, the number of calories can vary.

Q. 7 Is mango good for weight loss?

Yes, mango is good for weight loss. You can consume mango in your weight loss journey. It is rich in fibre, vitamins and antioxidants which help you to feel fuller with fewer calories. Although, keep in mind that consuming mango in moderation. Overeating mango or any other fruits is not good for the body.

Q.8 What is the scientific name of mango?

Mangifera indica is the scientific name of mango. Mango belongs to the cashew family (Anacardiaceae), which is easy to find in India.

Q.9 Can a pregnant woman eat mango?

Yes, it is totally safe for pregnant women to consume mangoes. They can have it but in moderation. It is a good source of fibre, Vitamin A, vitamin C, Vitamin K, Folate and many more. It is good for women and their babies.

Q.10 Can dogs eat mango?

Yes, dogs can eat mango. They are safe for them and can be a nutritious treat for dogs. It has natural sweetness which makes it a favourite for most dogs.

Q.11 What are the properties of mangoes?

Antioxidants, vitamins C and Vitamin A, and other nutrients are abundant in mangos. They are low in calories and high in fibre. Mangos have anti-inflammatory, anti-digestion, and immune-boosting properties.

Q.12 When and how to eat mangoes?

Mangos can be eaten fresh, preserved, juiced or in desserts. Slice a fresh mango in half lengthwise along the pit to eat it. Next, remove the pulp from the skin by cutting it into squares. Mangos are great in smoothies, fruit salads, sauces, and desserts.

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