What is Tax? Definition & Types of Taxation in India | Direct and Indirect Tax l Indian Tax System


Several individuals who worked in offices may not have given taxes much thought during their employment and may not have given them much thought at all until they became independent workers. What is tax? First of all, a growing number of sole proprietorships appear to have an insufficient concept of the fundamentals of taxes. Recognize taxes from the outset and acquire foundational knowledge before engaging in practical tasks like tax return filing.


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What is Tax?

What is tax, beginning with all? In general terms, taxes function as “membership fees” paid for residing in India or any country; they are funds that preserve Indian society as a whole. If you reside abroad, you will be taxed additional “dues” for your abroad residence.

There are mainly 2 types of taxes in India, Direct and Indirect tax. Even if we restrict our discussion to a small number of typical taxes in the nation, there are several more types of taxes, as the list below indicates:

  • Resident tax
  • Income tax
  • Tobacco tax and Liquor tax
  • Capital gain tax
  • Goods and services tax
  • Value-added tax
  • Customs duty
  • Service tax
  • Gift tax
  • Oil and gas tax

Apart from these, there are numerous more taxes in the country that we have to pay regularly. Tax payment is an “individual duty,” and individuals who fail to pay may face penalties from the tax office, including detention, or they may be required to make further payments in the future.

These days, we are surrounded by a variety of public places and services that are intended to support our ability to lead safe and healthy lives. Everyone must contribute to the high expense of creating these services and facilities. This is the definition and meaning of “tax.” It’s as though we contribute a “membership fee” to sustain a society that is convenient to live in.


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What do public facilities and services mean?

“Public” refers to anything that is for everybody, not just oneself. “Public services and public facilities” are programs and resources that safeguard people’s lives and property and promote peace and safety.

  • To safeguard safe and calm lives, there should be police stations, fire stations, and Self-Defense Forces.
  • Water purification and waste treatment facilities to promote hygienic and healthy living
  • Everybody can acquire the skills and information they need to be a contributing member of society at schools and libraries.
  • Construction tasks related to maintaining mountains, rivers, the sea, and building roads and bridges.
  • Welfare, including health care costs and pensions
  • Fees for textbooks, tuition, and other necessities for education



What occurs, for instance, to the consumption tax that was paid at the store?

The consumption tax that every customer pays at the store is retained by the store, and the total amount paid by all customers to the tax office is turned into national tax there. A part of this sum is allocated to the regions and cities as “local tax,” which is a tax imposed by the districts or cities. After taking the National Diet and prefectural assemblies into account, taxes are utilized for public facilities and services.


How Taxes are Charged?

Local and national governments are the 2 locations where taxes can be paid. Taxes paid to the federal government are referred to as “national taxes,” whereas taxes paid to municipal governments are referred to as “local taxes.” The national and municipal governments employ both local and national taxes for different reasons and purposes.

Additionally, if the same tax is submitted, it might be split between the federal and local governments in some cases. For instance, in the scenario of consumption tax, part of it is given to the national government and another amount is given as “local consumption tax” to the local government in some situations.”

Indirect taxes are deposited on top of other taxes when you purchase anything; the vendor pays the tax on the buyer’s behalf. Direct taxes are made directly to the federal, state, and municipal governments.

The taxes collected in this manner go toward funding a range of “public services” that we utilize daily. In reality, our taxes pay for a large portion of the public services that are available to us at no cost or extremely cheap cost.

The following are public services that are truly funded by taxes:

  • the use of fire engines, ambulances,
  • garbage pickup vans
  • a portion of the cost of healthcare
  • police-related tasks, such as organizing police cars.

These services are all fee-based, and as the cost goes up, the quality of the service will suffer. Tax payments are necessary to ensure that all citizens receive equitable and superior services.

Taxes and Store Management

You should become more knowledgeable regarding the following taxes if you are the only owner of a business, such as a restaurant or retail shop. They are highly relevant.

Gaining a deeper understanding of business taxes will help you run your store more wisely and effectively. Understanding taxes is crucial if you want your store to grow and turn a profit.

Income tax always plays a significant role in corporate operations, regardless of the kind. Income tax goes directly to the government because it is a national tax and a direct tax. The tax payment process is referred to as a “last tax return.”

Since paying taxes is the responsibility of every person, an annual final tax return must be submitted. Let’s try our best to contribute to the maintenance of the public services that are necessary for our daily existence by accurately and completely filing our tax returns.


Taxes are essentially membership fees associated with being a resident of India; if you reside abroad, you must pay dues in that nation as well. There are two types of taxes: “national taxes” and “local taxes.” Based on the way they are paid, they can be categorized as “direct taxes” or “indirect taxes.” Public services are operated, among other things, with the help of taxes paid. More information regarding business taxes, income taxes, etc., is needed for store managers. The process for paying income tax and other charges is also through a final tax return.

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