States and Capitals of India: Complete List of 28 States and 8 UTs 2024

India is a big country with many different parts. After India became independent in 1947, it was divided into states and union territories. Now, India has 28 states and 8 union territories. Each part of India has its own culture and identity.

The states were made in different ways. In 1956, there was a big change where states were organized based on the language spoken there. This led to the creation of new states and capitals. Over time, more changes were made to the states, reflecting the needs and wishes of the people.

This article talks about all the states and capitals of India. It explains how they were formed and why they are important. It also talks about the new states that were created after independence. Additionally, it discusses the union territories, which are directly controlled by the central government.

In simple words, this article helps you understand all about the different parts of India – its states, capitals, and union territories. It tells you their history and why they are special.


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State and Capitals of India

By area India is the 7th largest country in the world. This was Country is divided into multiple states and union territories that brings something unique at the table and makes India India. Today in this  article we’ll discuss States and Capitals of India. Along with it we have also discussed all those States who were formed after the independence of the nation. In 1956 there was a major reshuffling when states were organised as per the language. The State reorganisation act of 1956 made lots of new states and capitals in India. Apart from this we have also discussed Union Territories and capitals of India. Let’s have a look at it.

List of Indian States and Capitals

When India became independent ,there weren’t many States , however as we evolved and grew , India became a nation of 28 states and 8 Union Territories. Single one of them having their own culture and different identities. Below is the list of all the States in India and their capitals.

S.NO State Capital CM Governor
1 Andhra Pradesh Amaravati YS Jagan Mohan Reddy Biswa Bhusan Harichandan
2 Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar Pema Khandu B. D. Mishra
3 Assam Dispur Himanta Biswa Sarma Jagdish Mukhi
4 Bihar Patna Nitish Kumar Phagu Chauhan
5 Chhattisgarh Raipur Vishnu Deo Sai Sushri Anusuiya Uikey
6 Goa Panaji Pramod Sawant P.S. Sreedharan Pillai
7 Gujarat Gandhinagar Bhupendra Patel Acharya Dev Vrat
8 Haryana Chandigarh Nayab Singh Saini Bandaru Dattatraya
9 Himachal Pradesh Shimla Sukhvinder Singh Sukhu Rajendra Vishwanath Arlekar
10 Jharkhand Ranchi Champai Soren Ramesh Bais
11 Karnataka Bengaluru Siddaramaiah Thaawarchand Gehlot
12 Kerala Thiruvananthapuram Pinarayi Vijayan Arif Mohammed Khan
13 Madhya Pradesh Bhopal Mohan Yadav Mangubhai Chhaganbhai Patel
14 Maharashtra Mumbai Eknath Shinde Ramesh Bais
15 Manipur Imphal N. Biren Singh La. Ganesan
16 Meghalaya Shillong Conrad Kongkal Sangma Brig. (Dr.) B. D. Mishra
17 Mizoram Aizawl Lalduhoma Kambhampati Haribabu
18 Nagaland Kohima Neiphiu Rio Jagdish Mukhi
19 Odisha Bhubaneswar Naveen Patnaik Ganeshi Lal
20 Punjab Chandigarh Bhagwant Singh Mann Banwarilal Purohit
21 Rajasthan Jaipur Bhajan Lal Sharma Kalraj Mishra
22 Sikkim Gangtok PS Golay Ganga Prasad
23 Tamil Nadu Chennai M. K. Stalin R. N. Ravi
24 Telangana Hyderabad Anumula Revanth Reddy Tamilisai Soundararajan
25 Tripura Agartala Dr. Manik Saha Satyadeo Narain Arya
26 Uttar Pradesh Lucknow Yogi Aditya Nath Anandiben Patel
27 Uttarakhand Dehradun Pushkar Singh Dhami Lt. Gen. Gurmit Singh
28 West Bengal Kolkata Mamata Banerjee Dr. C.V. Ananda Bose

Indian Union Territories and Capitals

Apart from 28 States there are 8 union territories in India. Union territories are  controlled directly by Central government through Lt. Governor. Out of eight Union Territories only two  Union Territories have legislative assembly and Chief ministers which are New Delhi and Puducherry. Below is the list of all eight Union Territories along with their capitals

S.NO Union Territories Capital CM Lt. Governor
1 Andaman and Nicobar Island Port Blair NA D K Joshi
2 Chandigarh Chandigarh NA Banwarilal Purohit
3 Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Daman NA Praful Patel
4 Delhi Delhi Arvind Kejriwal Vinai Kumar Saxena
5 Ladakh NA NA Radha Krishna Mathur
6 Lakshadweep Kavaratti NA Praful Patel
7 Jammu and Kashmir NA NA Manoj Sinha
8 Puducherry Pondicherry N. Rangaswamy Dr. Tamilisai Soundararajan



List of States formed after  1947,  in Independent India


Overview Table:-

Here is an overview table listing the states formed after 1947 in independent India:

State Year Formed Details
Jammu and Kashmir 1948 Merged into the Indian Union after signing the Instrument of Accession; Ladakh and Jammu and Kashmir became separate union territories in 2019.
Uttar Pradesh 1950 Formerly known as United Province, it was reorganized and renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950.
Bihar 1950 Formed as a full state on 26 January 1950; Jharkhand was later carved out from Bihar in 2000.
Assam 1950 Gained state status on 26 January 1950; reorganized from a British province to a full state.
Orissa (Odisha) 1950 Made a separate province on 1 April 1936 and became a state on 26 January 1950; renamed Odisha in 2011.
Tamil Nadu 1950 Formerly Madras Presidency; reorganized as a state in 1950 and renamed Tamil Nadu in 1969.
Andhra Pradesh 1956 Formerly part of Madras State; became a separate state on 1 November 1956; Telangana was carved out of it in 2014.
Madhya Pradesh 1956 Formed on 1 November 1956; Chhattisgarh was separated from it in 2000.
Kerala 1956 Merged former states of Travancore, Cochin, and Malabar to form Kerala on 1 November 1956.
Karnataka 1956 Originally Mysore State; renamed Karnataka in 1973; formed on 1 November 1956.
Maharashtra 1960 Formed along with Gujarat from Bombay Province on 1 May 1960.
Gujarat 1960 Separated from Bombay Presidency and formed as an independent state on 1 May 1960.
Nagaland 1963 Became a state on 1 December 1963, separated from Assam.
Punjab 1966 Formed after the merger of Patiala and other princely states; Haryana was separated from it in 1966.
Himachal Pradesh 1971 Formed on 25 January 1971; initially a union territory, it gained statehood later.
Manipur 1972 Became a state on 21 January 1972 after being a union territory since 1956.
Meghalaya 1972 Originally an autonomous state within Assam; became a separate state on 21 January 1972.
Tripura 1972 Transitioned from a union territory to a state on 21 January 1972.
Sikkim 1975 Merged with the Indian Union on 16 May 1975, becoming a full state.
Goa 1987 Liberated from Portuguese rule in 1961, became a union territory; formed as a state on 30 May 1987.
Arunachal Pradesh 1987 Initially a union territory in 1972, became a state in 1987.
Mizoram 1987 Declared a full state on 20 February 1987, after being a district of Assam and later a union territory.
Chhattisgarh 2000 Separated from Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 2000.
Jharkhand 2000 Formed from Bihar on 15 November 2000.
Uttarakhand 2000 Initially named Uttaranchal; formed from districts of Uttar Pradesh; renamed Uttarakhand in 2007.
Telangana 2014 Formed on 2 June 2014 from the north-western part of Andhra Pradesh.


When Britishers left India divided into two and lots of different princely states. The Indian government had a job to bring all these States in the nation to maintain the country’s true form. Instrument of Accession was used for it. However after the formation of India, there were lots of changes which led to formation of lots of new states and changes in the boundaries of states. Below is the list of all the states that were formed after 15 August 1947.


  1.  Jammu and Kashmir (1948): The king of this state signed the “Instrument of Accession” to India and became part of the Indian Union. In 1956, Jammu and Kashmir completed the process of merger with the Indian Union.  Currently this state has been divided and since August 2019, Ladakh and Jammu and Kashmir have become separate union territories.
  2.  Uttar Pradesh (1950): This state is popular as the land of a powerful empire. Before Uttar Pradesh was formed in 1950, it was known as United Province, which was united by combining the Awadh and Agra regions.
  3. Bihar (1950): This state was formed by the British on 22 March 1912, but it got the status of a full state on 26 January 1950. In 2000 it was further divided and a new state named Jharkhand was created.
  4. Assam (1950): Assam became a British protectorate in 1826. Assam was separated from Bengal in 1874. It was reorganised as Assam province under British rule in 1912. Greater Assam included Meghalaya, Nagaland and Mizoram. It got the status of a full state on 26 January 1950.
  5. Orissa (1950): On 1 April 1936, Orissa was made a separate province by the British and it became a state in 1950. Its name was changed to Odisha in 2011.
  6. Tamil Nadu (1950): The erstwhile Madras Presidency was reorganised as a state in 1950 and renamed Tamil Nadu in 1969.
  7. Andhra Pradesh (1956): It was given state status on 1 November 1956. Before becoming a separate state, it was part of Madras State. On June 2, 2014, the north-western part of Andhra Pradesh was separated to form Telangana.
  8.  Madhya Pradesh (1956) -It came into existence in 1956. The state is famous for diamond mining in Panna district. It was further divided in 2000 and Chhattisgarh became a new state.
  9.  Kerala (1956) : The former states of Travancore, Cochin and Malabar were merged together to form the state of Kerala in 1956. It got the status of a full state on 1 November 1956.
  10.  Karnataka (1956) : It was formed as Mysore State on 1 November 1956. In 1956, Mysore State was formed by bringing together all the Kannada speaking areas. The state was renamed Karnataka in 1973
  11. Maharashtra (1960) : Maharashtra and Gujarat were part of Bombay Province state. On 1 May 1960, the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat were formed as independent states.
  12. Gujarat (1960): This state is famous for Asiatic lions. It was part of the Bombay Presidency in British India, but on 1 May 1960, Gujarat was separated and formed as an independent state.
  13.  Nagaland (1963) : This state was formed on 1 December 1963. It is separated from Assam.
  14. Punjab (1966) : This state was formed after the merger of the princely state of Patiala with eight other similar states. With this merger in 1966, Haryana was separated as an independent state. Chandigarh is the joint capital of Punjab and Haryana.
  15.  Himachal Pradesh (1971) : Himachal Pradesh was formed in 1950 with the merger of 30 princely states and was declared a Union Territory in 1956. On 25 January 1971, Himachal Pradesh got the status of a full state.
  16.  Manipur (1972) : Manipur became independent with India in 1947. It became a union territory in 1956 and got the status of a full state on 21 January 1972.
  17.  Meghalaya (1972) : Meghalaya was formed as an autonomous state within Assam in 1970. It became a separate state on 21 January 1972.
  18. Tripura (1972): Surrounded by Bangladesh on three sides, Tripura remained a union territory until 1972, later it became an independent state.
  19.  Sikkim (1975) : Sikkim state is the second smallest state of India. It is popularly known as the organic state of India. Sikkim merged with the Indian Union on 16 May 1975.
  20. Goa (1987) : Even after India’s independence, this state was under the rule of a Portuguese colony, but in 1961 it was liberated by the Indian Army and made a union territory along with Daman and Diu. The state of Goa was formed on 30 May 1987.
  21. Arunachal Pradesh (1987) : It became a union territory in 1972 and an independent state of India along with Itanagar in 1987.
  22.  Mizoram (1987) : It got state status on 20 February 1987. Initially it was a district of Assam. It was declared a Union Territory in 1972, but the Mizo National Front opposed it and later it got the status of a full state.
  23. Chhattisgarh (2000) : This state was separated from a part of Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 2000.
  24. Jharkhand (2000) : This tribal dominated state was separated from Bihar and got the status of a full state on 15 November 2000.
  25. Uttarakhand (2000) : This state was formed with the name of Uttaranchal by taking some districts of Uttar Pradesh, but in 2007 the name of the state was changed to Uttarakhand.
  26. Telangana (2014) : It was the 29th state of India. It has been made taking into account some districts of Andhra Pradesh. It was completely separated on June 2, 2014.


So this was the complete list of States and capitals of India. Along with it we have also given you the dates of the formation of these States and the list of Union Territories and capital of India.





1. What are the states of India?
India has 28 states, each with its own capital and government, contributing to the country’s diverse cultural landscape.

2. How many union territories does India have?
India comprises 8 union territories, governed directly by the central government, each with unique characteristics.

3. When did India become independent?
India gained independence from British rule on August 15, 1947, marking the beginning of its journey as a sovereign nation.

4. How were the Indian states formed?
States in India were formed through various historical processes, including linguistic reorganization and territorial restructuring over time.

5. Which state has the most populous capital?
Uttar Pradesh’s capital, Lucknow, is one of the most populous cities in India, serving as the administrative hub of the state.

6. What is the smallest state in India?
Goa, known for its vibrant culture and scenic beauty, is the smallest state in India, located on the western coast.

7. Which union territory has its own legislative assembly?
Delhi and Puducherry are the only union territories in India with their own legislative assemblies and chief ministers.

8. When was the last state formed in India?
Telangana, formed on June 2, 2014, is the most recent addition to India’s list of states, created from the northwestern part of Andhra Pradesh.

9. Which state was formerly known as Mysore?
Karnataka, formerly known as Mysore, was renamed in 1973, reflecting its rich cultural heritage and linguistic diversity.

10. What is the capital of Jammu and Kashmir?
Jammu and Kashmir’s summer capital is Srinagar, while its winter capital is Jammu, reflecting its unique geographical and climatic characteristics.

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