Neighbouring Countries of India: List of India’s Bordering Nations

Neighbouring Countries of India: List of India’s Bordering Nations

Neighbouring Countries of India

India is the second most populated country and the seventh-largest country in the world by land area. India shares their border with an array of nations. Today, we will explain about the Neighbouring Countries of India. Because it is one of the most important topics in the number of competitive examinations. India holds a land frontier of 15,200 km and India’s coastline is 7517 km. India is connected with 9 countries.

  • In the North-West, shared a border with Afghanistan and Pakistan

  • In the North, shares a border with China, Bhutan and Nepal

  • In the East, share a border with Myanmar, Bangladesh

  • In South East, share a border with Sri Lanka

  • In South West, share a border with Maldives

India’s Neighbouring Countries List – Capital & State Borders

Neighbouring Country Capital Indian State/UTs which share Border
Afghanistan Kabul Ladakh (PoK)
Bangladesh Dhaka West Bengal, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura, and Assam
Bhutan Thimphu West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, and Assam
China Beijing Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh
Myanmar Yangon Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Manipur
Nepal Kathmandu Bihar, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim, and West Bengal
Pakistan Islamabad Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Gujarat
Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (Legislative Capital), Colombo (Executive Capital) Separated from India by the Gulf of Mannar
Maldives Male Lies in the southwest part of the Indian Ocean below the Lakshadweep Islands



Afghanistan is situated to the northwest of India. It is a country close to India. These two countries had been friends for a long time. Afghanistan is also known as The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. It is a country with a land of approximately 6,52,000 sq. km. They import textiles, cotton, woollens, carpets, and handicrafts to India.

  • Capital: Kabul
  • Area: 6,52,230 sq. km.
  • Length Of Border: 106 km
  • Official Languages: Dari, Pashto
  • Currency: Afghan Afghani
  • Income Source: Agriculture
  • Famous for: fine fruits, especially pomegranates, grapes, and sweet jumbo-sized melons.
  • Major Religion: Islam
  • Industrial Activities: cotton textiles, woven carpets, handicrafts, and woollen textiles.
  • National Animal: Snow Leopard
  • National Game: Buzkashi
  • States/Provinces: 34 Provinces
  • Bordering states: Jammu & Kashmir ( P.O.K.)


Bangladesh is to the east of India. India exchanges extensive trade and culture with Bangladesh. It is the eighth-most populated country in the world. Bangladesh is also known as  The People’s Republic of Bangladesh. It was known as East Pakistan before independence.

  • Capital: Dhaka
  • Area: 1,47,570 sq. km.
  • Length Of Border: 4,096.7 km
  • Official Language: Bengali
  • Currency: Bangladeshi Taka (BDT)
  • Income Source: Agriculture, Textiles, Garments
  • Famous for: The Sundarbans, the largest mangrove forest in the world
  • Major Religion: Islam
  • Industrial Activities: Garments, textiles, agriculture
  • National Animal: Royal Bengal Tiger
  • States/Provinces: 8 Provinces
  • Bordering states: West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram


 Bhutan is Located in the eastern Himalayas. Indians share a good relationship with Bhutan and cooperate on various fronts, including economic development and security. Bhutan is also known as the Kingdom of Bhutan. It is the smallest country among all the neighbouring countries. India shares agriculture, forestry, tourism & hydropower with Bhutan.

  • Capital: Thimphu
  • Area: 38,394 sq. km.
  • Length Of Border: 699 km
  • Official Language: Dzongkha
  • Currency: Bhutanese Ngultrum (BTN) and Indian Rupee (INR)
  • Income Source: Agriculture, Hydroelectric Power
  • Famous for: Gross National Happiness, Buddhism
  • Major Religion: Buddhism
  • Industrial Activities: Tourism, Agriculture, Hydroelectric Power
  • National Animal: Takin
  • States/Provinces: 20 Districts
  • Bordering states: Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Sikkim, West Bengal


China is the fourth largest country in the world and the most populated country. It is situated in the northern region of India along with the Himalayan mountain range. There are territorial disputes in the eastern region of Ladakh and Arunachal Pradesh China. China holds the fastest-growing economy in the world. Indian exchange of Buddhism religion or silk route with China.

  • Capital: Beijing
  • Area: 9,596,961 sq. km.
  • Length Of Border: 3,488 km
  • Official Language: Standard Chinese
  • Currency: Renminbi (RMB) or Chinese Yuan (CNY)
  • Income Source: Manufacturing, Agriculture, Services
  • Famous for: The Great Wall of China, Terracotta Army
  • Major Religion: Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism
  • Industrial Activities: Manufacturing, Technology
  • National Animal: Giant Panda
  • States/Provinces: 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 direct-controlled municipalities, and 2 Special Administrative Regions (SARs).
  • Bordering states: Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh


Myanmar is situated in the northeastern states of India. Myanmar is closely linked with India in terms of historical, cultural, and economic. It is also known as Burma and also the largest of the mainland Southeast Asian states. It is a beautiful country, many Indians visit Myanmar to explore.

  • Capital: Naypyidaw
  • Area: 6,76,578 sq. km.
  • Length Of Border: 1,643 km
  • Official Language: Burmese
  • Currency: Myanmar Kyat (MMK)
  • Income Source: Agriculture, Natural Resources
  • Famous for: Bagan, Inle Lake, Shwedagon Pagoda
  • Major Religion: Buddhism
  • Industrial Activities: Agriculture, Natural Resources
  • National Animal: Burmese Peacock
  • States/Provinces: 14 States
  • Bordering states: Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram


 Nepal is situated to the north of India. India and Nepal share an open border as well as close cultural, religious, and economic ties with each other. Nepal is also known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. Nepal is famous for having eight of the ten tallest mountains in the world. The famous Mt. Everest is also in Nepal, which brings tourism and increases the country’s economy.

  • Capital: Kathmandu
  • Area: 1,47,516 sq. km.
  • Length Of Border: 1,751 km
  • Official Language: Nepali
  • Currency: Nepalese Rupee (NPR)
  • Income Source: Tourism, Agriculture, Remittances
  • Famous for: Mount Everest, Birthplace of Lord Buddha (Lumbini)
  • Major Religion: Hinduism, Buddhism
  • Industrial Activities: Tourism, Agriculture
  • National Animal: Cow (Himalayan Monal is the National Bird)
  • States/Provinces: 7 Provinces
  • Bordering states: Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim


 Pakistan is Located to the northwest of India. Both countries are separated by LOC. Pakistan has the coastline of the Gulf of Oman & the Arabian Sea. It holds approximately 7,96,095 sq. km total land area. Before 1971, there was East and west Pakistan. But later East Pakistan formed Bangladesh.

  • Capital: Islamabad
  • Area: 7,96,095 sq. km.
  • Length Of Border: 3,233 km
  • Official Language: Urdu
  • Currency: Pakistani Rupee (PKR)
  • Income Source: Agriculture, Industry, Services
  • Famous for: Historical sites like Mohenjo-Daro, Lahore Fort
  • Major Religion: Islam
  • Industrial Activities: Textiles, Agriculture, Manufacturing
  • National Animal: Markhor
  • States/Provinces: 4 Provinces, 2 Autonomous Territories, and 2 Administrative Territories.
  • Bordering states: Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh, with the Line of Control (LoC)

Sri Lanka:

Sri Lanka is Situated off the southeastern coast of India. India and Sri Lanka share maritime boundaries only, there is no land border between them. Sri Lanka is also known as the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. India and Sri Lanka share a close bond as well as share cultural and historical relationship.

  • Capital: Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (Legislative Capital), Colombo (Executive Capital)
  • Area: 65,610 sq. km.
  • Length Of Border: Separated by the Gulf of Mannar
  • Official Languages: Sinhala, Tamil
  • Currency: Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR)
  • Income Source: Tourism, Agriculture, Services
  • Famous for: Cultural heritage sites like Sigiriya, Tea Plantations
  • Major Religion: Buddhism, Hinduism
  • Industrial Activities: Tourism, Tea Production, Textiles
  • National Animal: Sri Lankan Elephant
  • States/Provinces: 9 Provinces
  • Bordering States: Maritime boundaries with India, Shared Indian Ocean


Maldives is Located southwest of India in the Indian Ocean. India and Maldives do not share land borders. It is connected with the sea only. Maldives is also known as The Republic of Maldives. Maldives has thousands of islands, which attract a large number of Indian tourists every year. It is one of the smallest countries in the world.

  • Capital: Malé
  • Area: 298 sq. km.
  • Length Of Border: 26 Atolls, no land border
  • Official Language: Dhivehi
  • Currency: Maldivian Rufiyaa (MVR)
  • Income Source: Tourism, Fisheries
  • Famous for: Coral Reefs, Overwater Bungalows
  • Major Religion: Islam
  • Industrial Activities: Tourism, Fisheries
  • National Animal: Yellowfin Tuna
  • States/Provinces: 20 Administrative Atolls
  • Bordering states: Maritime boundaries with India, Shared Indian Ocean


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1. Which countries share a border with India?
– India shares its borders with nine countries: Afghanistan, Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka (maritime boundary), and the Maldives (maritime boundary).

2. How many kilometers of land frontier does India have?
– India has a land frontier of approximately 15,200 kilometers.

3. What is the length of the border between India and Pakistan?
– The length of the border between India and Pakistan is approximately 3,233 kilometers.

4. Which Indian state shares the longest border with Bangladesh?
– West Bengal shares the longest border with Bangladesh among Indian states.

5. What is the capital of Afghanistan?
– The capital of Afghanistan is Kabul.

6. How many provinces does Nepal have?
– Nepal is divided into seven provinces.

7. Which Indian state shares its borders with China?
– Several Indian states share borders with China, including Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, and Himachal Pradesh.

8. What is the currency of Sri Lanka?
– The currency of Sri Lanka is the Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR).

9. Which ocean lies to the southwest of the Maldives?
– The Indian Ocean lies to the southwest of the Maldives.

10. How many administrative atolls does the Maldives have?
– The Maldives has 20 administrative atolls.

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