List of National Parks in India 2024: State Wise Complete List

National Parks in India

As per the ministry of Environmental & Forests of India, a forest area protected and proclaimed by the State government to restore and protect its flora-fauna, ecology and geological value, whether it is in a wildlife sanctuary or not is considered as a National Park. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has a list of its special protected areas. In India national parks come under the category 2 of the IUCN protected areas. The first national park was established, Jim Corbett National Park in Uttarakhand in 1936.

After the enactment of the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 the government made it important to establish more and more National Parks in order to protect the environment and various important species of flora and fauna. In 1973 the tiger project started to protect and rehabilitate the tiger population in India. The Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 restricts human activities within National Parks. Only activities specifically permitted by the state’s chief wildlife warden under special circumstances outlined in the Act are allowed.

 

Objective of National Parks

The government establishes National Parks to preserve, protect, and regenerate nature and natural resources like plants and animals (flora and fauna). These parks can also serve recreational and educational purposes, raising awareness and understanding about nature and its resources. National Parks are typically maintained in their original natural state. Here are some objectives to create national parks. 

  1. Conservation and protection of regional ecological processes, why ranging species and different migration roots.
  2. Preservation and protection of genetic resources, biotic community and unpaired natural processes. 
  3. To create balance between ecological functional and viable population. To preserve the local ecosystem and biome. 
  4. Increasing awareness, educational and cultural purposes. To promote for recreational and entertainment purposes. 
  5. To prevent ecological degradation of any natural resources and prevent deforestation 
  6. Considering the needs of local communities and different culture maintaining the balance between wildlife and human population 
  7. To promote tourism and better the relation between local communities, ecosystem and human. 

 

 

What is allowed and what is not allowed inside National Parks

  1. No human activities.
  2. Grazing of livestock is not allowed. 
  3. Private tenurial rights are not permitted 
  4. Hunting and capturing of animals as mentioned in the Wildlife Act
  5. Destroyal, removal or exploitation of any natural resources from national park 
  6. Prohibited and strictly punishable destroying and damaging any flora and fauna
  7. National parks cannot be downgraded as a sanctuary again.

 

S.No. State (no. of NPs) National Park (NP) Year Area (km2)
1 Andaman & Nicobar Is. (9) Campbell Bay NP 1992 426
2 Galathea Bay NP 1992 110
3 Mahatama Gandhi Marine (Wandoor) NP 1983 28
4 Middle Button Island NP 1987 0.44
5 Mount Harriett NP 1987 47
6 North Button Island NP 1987 0.44
7 Rani Jhansi Marine NP 1996 256
8 Saddle Peak NP 1987 33
9 South Button Island NP 1987 0.03
10 Andhra Pradesh (3) Papikonda NP 2008 1013
11 Rajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) NP 2005 2.4
12 Sri Venkateswara NP 1989 354
13 Arunachal Pradesh (2) Mouling NP 1986 483
14 Namdapha NP 1983 1808
15 Assam (7) Dibru-Saikhowa NP 1999 340
16 Dihing Patkai NP 2021 234
17 Kaziranga NP 1974 859
18 Manas NP 1990 500
19 Nameri NP 1998 200
20 Raimona NP 2021 422
21 Rajiv Gandhi Orang NP 1999 79
22 Bihar (1) Valmiki NP 1989 336
23 Chhattisgarh (3) Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) NP 1981 1440
24 Indravati (Kutru) NP 1982 1258
25 Kanger Valley NP 1982 200
26 Goa (1) Mollem NP 1992 107
27 Gujarat (4) Blackbuck (Velavadar) NP 1976 35
28 Gir NP 1975 259
29 Marine (Gulf of Kachchh) NP 1982 163
30 Vansda NP 1979 24
31 Haryana (2) Kalesar NP 2003 47
32 Sultanpur NP 1989 1.4
33 Himachal Pradesh (5) Great Himalayan NP 1984 754
34 Inderkilla NP 2010 104
35 Khirganga NP 2010 710
36 Pin Valley NP 1987 675
37 Simbalbara NP 2010 29
38 Jharkhand (1) Betla NP 1986 226
39 Karnataka (5) Anshi NP 1987 417
40 Bandipur NP 1974 874
41 Bannerghatta NP 1974 26
42 Kudremukh NP 1987 600
43 Nagarahole (Rajiv Gandhi) NP 1988 643
44 Kerala (6) Anamudi Shola NP 2003 7.5
45 Eravikulam NP 1978 97
46 Mathikettan Shola NP 2003 13
47 Pambadum Shola NP 2003 1.3
48 Periyar NP 1982 350
49 Silent Valley NP 1984 89
50 Madhya Pradesh (11) Bandhavgarh NP 1968 449
51 Dinosaur Fossils NP 2011 0.9
52 Fossil NP 1983 0.3
53 Indira Priyadarshini Pench NP 1975 293
54 Kanha NP 1955 940
55 Kuno 2018 748
56 Madhav NP 1959 375
57 Panna NP 1981 543
58 Sanjay NP 1981 467
59 Satpura NP 1981 585
60 Van Vihar NP 1979 4.5
61 Maharashtra (6) Chandoli NP 2004 318
62 Gugamal NP 1975 361
63 Nawegaon NP 1975 134
64 Pench (Jawaharlal Nehru) NP 1975 257
65 Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) NP 1983 87
66 Tadoba NP 1955 117
67 Manipur (2) Keibul-Lamjao NP (in Loktak Lake) 1977 40
68 Shiroi (Shirui) NP 1982 100
69 Meghalaya (2) Balphakram NP 1985 220
70 Nokrek Ridge NP 1986 48
71 Mizoram (2) Murlen NP 1991 100
72 Phawngpui Blue Mountain NP 1992 50
73 Nagaland (1) Intanki NP 1993 202
74 Odisha (2) Bhitarkanika NP 1988 145
75 Simlipal NP 1980 846
76 Rajasthan (5) Desert NP 1992 3162
77 Keoladeo Ghana NP 1981 29
78 Mukundra Hills NP 2006 200
79 Ranthambhore NP 1980 282
80 Sariska NP 1992 274
81 Sikkim (1) Khangchendzonga NP 1977 1784
82 Tamil Nadu (5) Guindy NP 1976 2.8
83 Gulf of Mannar Marine NP 1980 6.2
84 Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) NP 1989 117
85 Mudumalai NP 1990 103
86 Mukurthi NP 1990 78
87 Telangana (3) Kasu Brahmananda Reddy NP 1994 1.4
88 Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali NP 1994 14.6
89 Mrugavani NP 1994 3.6
90 Tripura (2) Bison (Rajbari) NP 2007 31.6
91 Clouded Leopard NP 2007 5
92 UT of JK (4) City Forest (Salim Ali) NP (J&K) 1992 9
93 Dachigam NP (J&K) 1981 141
94 Kazinag NP 2000 91
95 Kishtwar NP (J&K) 1981 425
96 UT of Ladakh (1) Hemis NP (Ladakh) 1981 3350
97 Uttar Pradesh (1) Dudhwa NP 1977 490
98 Uttarakhand (6) Gangotri NP 1989 2390
99 Govind NP 1990 472
100 Jim Corbett NP 1936 521
101 Nanda Devi NP 1982 625
102 Rajaji NP 1983 820
103 Valley of Flowers NP 1982 88
104 West Bengal (6) Buxa NP 1992 117
105 Gorumara NP 1992 79
106 Jaldapara NP 2014 217
107 Neora Valley NP 1986 160
108 Singalila NP 1986 79
109 Sunderban NP 1984 1330

 

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