Top 10 Coldest Places on the Earth in 2024: Extreme Temperatures and Harsh Climates

Top 10 Coldest Places in the World

Although there has been much discussion about global warming in recent years, there are still places on Earth that are unbearably cold. Here we will read about the Top 10 Coldest Places in the World:

 

Also Read:-

Top 10 Hottest Places in the World in 2024: Record Temperatures and Heat Extremes

 


1. Vostok Base in Antarctica

Vostok Base in Antarctica

According to local observations, this location has the lowest temperature on Earth. Currently shared by France, Russia, and America, it was constructed as a Russian observation base in 1957. At a height of 3100 meters, Vostok Base is situated in Antarctica.

Consequently, even in Antarctica, the temperature is low. This place has an average temperature of -65°C, and the minimum temperature is typically lower than -70°C.
Over a kilometer of thick ice altogether protects Lake Vostok, on top of which the base is constructed.

In Antarctica, incidentally, the air is exceptionally low in oxygen as a result of the rapid freezing of water vapor in the atmosphere caused by the extreme cold.

Because of this, it’s an environment of danger where common people are susceptible to mountain sickness.

Several nations have research facilities and institutes in Antarctica because some tests can only be conducted in such hostile environments.


2. Denali (Mount McKinley)

Denali (Mount McKinley)

Maybe everyone is better familiar with Mount McKinley than Denali. As it makes sense given that President Obama officially changed Mount McKinley’s name to Denali in 2015.

Denali is the highest point in North America, rising to a height of 6190.4 meters. This mountain is situated in the state of Alaska, which has very cold temperatures. Furthermore, at this height, the temperature is unexpectedly low.


3. Greenland Ice Sheet

Greenland Ice Sheet

At the peak of the Greenland Ice Sheet, at a height of 3,100 meters, it was observed at a station. It was acknowledged as the coldest location in the Northern Hemisphere as a result. Siberia (Oymyakon) used to be the coldest region in the Northern Hemisphere earlier.


4. Oymyakon

Oymyakon

It is recognized as the coldest site where people have ever lived. This location served as a political prisoner community as usual. In 2010, 467 people were living there; by 2018, there were roughly 800 people. This is because people who live in Oymyakon tend to live long lives. Even though it’s a difficult environment, this town/village had the second-highest life span in the Soviet era.

In January, the minimum temperature typically falls below -50°C. It is uncommon to have a cold regardless of the cold weather since bacteria and viruses can’t thrive in low temperatures.


5. Verkhoyansk

Verkhoyansk - coldest places

It was record-breakingly colder than Yakutsk, the capital. It is situated inside the Arctic Circle, some 680 kilometers northeast of Yakutsk.

Contrary to popular belief, Verkhoyansk’s ice never melts, even in summertime. However, in 2020, the summertime temperature achieved an all-time high record of 38 degrees Celsius. In the Arctic Circle, this is the hottest temperature recorded. 1311 people were living in Verkhoyansk in 2010.


6. North Ice

North Ice

James Simpson is a British researcher who established North Ice as a research station. It took 2 years (1952–1954) to construct. The 2,400-meter-high research complex is situated on top of the ice, making it very cold.


7. Yakutsk

The Sakha Republic, a region of the Russian Federation, has Yakutsk as its capital. The estimated population is 320,000. It’s also referred to be the world’s coldest city.

While there are several places colder than Yakutsk, this city is the coldest of any with over 300,000 residents. The Kingdom of Permafrost is another name for the Republic of Sakha. Approximately 1.5 meters of land freeze in the summer, revealing the unfrozen ground, even though the country is supposed to be covered in permafrost.

Buildings on frozen ground will eventually sink due to land subsidence. Yakutsk’s buildings are therefore constructed on concrete pillars.

Its original location is a 1632 fortification. The Russian Academy of Sciences and Northeastern Federal University both have branches there.

Siberia’s intensely cold air causes wintertime temperatures to typically fall below -30°C.


8. Snug

Village Snug is located in the Yukon Territory of Canada. There is no one living there anymore, and it is now ruined. Snag, which is in lower latitude, and Fort Selkirk, which is in tenth position, are around 100 km away in a straight line.

Snug is nearer to Mount Logan, Canada’s highest mountain, although it is situated at a higher altitude. It is therefore cooler than Fort Selkirk.


9. Prospect Creek

Prospect Creek is an Alaskan community. It was once a miner’s campground since the community is surrounded by rare metal mines.

The settlement is situated in a subarctic environment; however, Gates of the Arctic National Park, located around 50 km north, experiences an entirely arctic climate. The Brooks Mountain Range may be found in this national park, and Prospect Creek experiences a reduction in temperature due to the chilly weather from the Arctic Circle and higher altitudes.

Moose, grizzly bears, black bears, werewolves, and reindeer are among the park’s biodiversity.

By the way, about 1,500 individuals who have special authorization to reside in this national park doing so on a basic level.


10. Fort Selkirk

One of Canada’s coldest areas is the Yukon Territory. It includes Mt. Logan, Canada’s highest mountain at 5,959 meters over sea level, and the region is heavily impacted by the cold air that descends from there.

Northeast of Mount Logan, Fort Selkirk (Fort Selkirk) is especially vulnerable to lower temperatures. Once a bustling trade post, Fort Selkirk is situated at the intersection of the Perry and Yukon Rivers.

Forts were constructed because there was a chance of invasion as trade increased. According to archaeologists, the location has been inhabited for around 8,000 years.

Why did humanity inhabit such harsh climates in the past? The area around Fort Selkirk is now home to a small number of local people and a constructed highway.

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