Celebrating Rabindranath Tagore Jayanti 2024: Life, Contributions, and Legacy

 Celebrating Rabindranath Tagore Jayanti: Life, Contributions, and Legacy

Gurudev Ravindra nath Tagore Jayanti is known as Pochishe Boishakh in West Bengal. Ravindra Nath Tagore was a famous poet, writer, composer, philosopher, playwright, social reformer and printer. He was very creative and explorative. He influenced music, Bengali literature, and Indian art through spirituality and modernism. He was born on May 7th, 1861. He was the first non-European to become a Nobel laureate in the literature field  for his poetry collection, “Gitanjali.” 7th May 2024 is his 163rd birth anniversary. On this day people organize special events across the nation, especially in Jorasanko Thakurbari, Kolkata, the birthplace of Tagore. 

 

 

Is Rabindranath Tagore Jayanti on the 7th or 8th of May 2024?

Ravindra Nath Tagore was born on May 7th, 1861. His birthday comes on 7th May as per the Gregorian calendar. According to the Bengali calendar, his birthday or Ravindra Nath Tagore Jayanti falls on the 25th day of the Boishakh month, of the Bengali Era in the year 1422 in Boishakh or “Pochishe Boishakh” or Bengali Baisakh month. The 25th date of Boishakh usually comes on either May 8th or May 9th in the Gregorian calendar. This year it will fall on Wednesday, May 8th, that’s why West Bengal will celebrate his birthday on the 8th. However, in other states, Rabindranath Tagore Jayanti is celebrated on May 7th according to the Gregorian calendar. 

 

 

Who was Rabindranath Tagore?

Tagore was born on May 7th, 1861, in Jorasanko Thakurbai, Kolkata near Chitpur Road.  He was a famous Bengali poet, writer, social reformer and Nobel laureate. He belonged to a prosperous Bengali family filled with intellectual people. Eh wrote about 2,230 songs and painted 3,000 paintings. He wrote “Jana Gana Mana”, the national anthem of India and also the national Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. He Founded the Viswa Bharti University, formerly known as Shantiniketan. His father’s name was Debendranath Tagore and his mother’s name was Sarada Deviwas. He collaborated on Bengali literature, music, and Indian art through his unique thoughts of modernism. 

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Early life and some life events of Rabindranath Tagore

Ravindra Nath Tagore is famous for titles like Bard of Bengal, Gurudev and Kobiguru. He was curious, intelligent and nature-loving. His contributions to art and literature are astonishing. He was the first non-European to receive the Nobel Prize Artist and musician. He was among the youngest members of the family. He was the 9th son of his parents among 13 children. He was only eight years old when he started writing poems. His life was highly influenced by his older brother’s wife Kadambari Devi who later gave up her own life. He was tutored by his brother Hemendrabath at home. 

 

 

When did Rabindranath Tagore die? 

Ravindra Nath Tagore died on August 7, 1941, in Calcutta a week after his surgery at the age of 80. He was suffering from severe uraemia. Dr. Jyotiprakash Sarkar and Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy performed a blocked urinary bladder surgery, on July 30. A week after his surgery he died. 

 

 

Tagores Contribution In Litrature

  • Gitanjali (Song Offerings) – 1910: A collection of spiritual poems for Tagore honoured by the Nobel Prize in Literature.
  • The Gardener – 1913: Poems about love, nature, and spirituality.
  • The Home and the World (Ghare-Baire) – 1916: A novel about complexities of love, nationalism, and personal freedom.
  • Kabuliwala – 1892: A short love story 
  • Chokher Bali (A Grain of Sand) – 1903: A novel portraying the intricacies of love, betrayal, and societal norms in early 20th-century Bengal.
  • The Post Office (Dak Ghar) – 1912: A poignant play 
  • Tasher Desh (The Land of Cards) – 1933: A satirical play critiquing societal norms and conventions.
  • Shesher Kobita (The Last Poem) – 1929: A novel about complex relationships, love, and societal expectations.
  • Jogajog (Relationships) – 1929: A novel about social various issues such as gender inequality and societal prejudices.
  • Chitra – 1895: A play about the character of Chitrangada from the Mahabharata.
  • The Crescent Moon (Chandali) – 1913: Poems for children reflecting on nature, innocence, and wonder.
  • Hungry Stones and Other Stories – 1916: A collection of short stories reflecting on human nature, spirituality, and societal issues.
  • Muktadhara (The Waterfall) – 1922: A play advocating for social reform and upliftment of the oppressed.
  • Raja – 1910: A novel about familial relationships and societal expectations.
  • Shesher Kabita (The Last Poem) – 1929: A novel about love, marriage, and self-realization.
  • Nashtanirh (The Broken Nest) – 1901: A novella about love, loneliness, and societal constraints.

 

 

Honours and Awards received by Tagore

  • Nobel Prize in 1913 for Gitanjali. 
  • Knighthood (Knight Bachelor) in 1915 by the British Crown
  • Bharat Ratna in 1961 for his exceptional contributions to literature, music, and education.
  • Padma Bhushan in 1954 
  • Padma Vibhushan in 1955
  • Deshikottama honorary degree from Visva-Bharati University

 

Tagore’s Inspiring Quotes 

  • “Let your life lightly dance on the edges of Time like dew on the tip of a leaf.”
  • “You can’t cross the sea merely by standing and staring at the water.”
  • “The butterfly counts not months but moments, and has time enough.”
  • “Clouds come floating into my life, no longer to carry rain or usher storm, but to add colour to my sunset sky.”
  • “Every child comes with the message that God is not yet discouraged of man.”
  • “Don’t limit a child to your learning, for he was born in another time.”
  • “Faith is the bird that feels the light when the dawn is still dark.”
  • “The highest education is that which does not merely give us information but makes our life in harmony with all existence.”
  • “Love is an endless mystery, for it has nothing else to explain it.”
  • “The flower which is single need not envy the thorns that are numerous.”

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