Top 10 Bureaucrats in India 2024: Names, Roles, Responsibilities, and Impact

“Bureaucrats” are national public servants who supervise responsibilities directly connected to politics while employed in central ministries and agencies.

Bureaucracy broadens the definition to include “national civil servants who serve in central ministries and agencies,” and it reduces it to include national civil servants with decision-making authority over national laws and policies.

The primary responsibility of bureaucrats is to provide policy shape by using their specialist knowledge to develop legislation and proposed budgets.

News reports and television frequently discuss the role of a bureaucrat. Sometimes, despite their constant mention, we are unaware of the nature of the task they perform. We will therefore discuss bureaucrats’ roles and the Top 10 bureaucrats in India.

Top 10 Bureaucrats in India


Top 10 Bureaucrats in India:-

Here are the Top 10 Bureaucrats in India:

  1. Girish Chandra Murmu (14th Comptroller and Auditor General of India)
  2. Krishnamurthy Venkata Subramanian (Chief Economic Adviser to the Government of India)
  3. Yashvardhan Kumar Sinha (Central Information Commissioner)
  4. N. K. Singh (Finance Commission of India)
  5. Sanjay Kothari (Central Vigilance Commission)
  6. Arun Kumar Mishra (Chairperson of the National Human Rights Commission of India)
  7. Pradeep Kumar Joshi (Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer)
  8. Ajay Tyagi (chairman of SEBI)
  9. G. Satheesh Reddy (Chairman of India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation)
  10. Sushil Chandra (Chief Election Commissioner of India)


What Types of Jobs Are Done by Bureaucrats?

What sort of jobs do bureaucrats do? According to the ministry in charge, the task varies, but mostly they are in charge of creating ideas for national budgets, policies, and laws. Plans created by bureaucrats serve as the basis for debates, where different policies and legislation are decided upon and put into effect.

Central ministries are the main government organizations in the nation, and bureaucrats are employed there.

Create a Bill

Bills are the backbone of laws, and one of the duties of bureaucrats is to create bills.

You may question if bureaucrats in agencies and corporations, which make up the Cabinet, should produce bills because, according to the division of powers, the parliament is the body that enacts laws. However, bill drafting is a specialized administrative duty.

The bill’s structure is first created by bureaucrats from many departments and organizations.


Creating a Proposed Budget

The Cabinet’s decision about the fundamental framework for budget formulation initiates the process of creating a draft national budget. The maximum limit of the budget (i.e., the expenses mandated by every ministry) is then decided by the Ministry of Finance for every ministry.

The Ministry of Finance receives an initial figure (estimate) that is prepared by bureaucrats from every department and agency and relies on the upper limit.

The Ministry of Finance’s bureaucrats then combine the Cabinet-decided policies and the budget proposals from every ministry to create the Ministry of Finance draft.

The jobs performed by bureaucrats differ according to the ministry or agency they’re working for, but they always involve important tasks for the country.

As an example, one of the main responsibilities of bureaucrats is to draft legislation, national budgets, and policy recommendations. Members of the committee continue to discuss issues based on the bureaucrats’ proposed policies.

The destiny of India is largely in the hands of bureaucrats, who require both extensive education and a sense of accountability to carry out their duties.


Employment at the Cabinet Office

Supporting the Prime Minister as the head of the Cabinet’s major policies, including those about science and the economy and dealing with the North, is the responsibility of the Cabinet Office. Comparably, the bureaucrats employed here can assist the prime minister.

Furthermore, it is a very significant organization that works closely with the Prime Minister (PM) and the Cabinet and is in charge of major administrative duties carried out by the Prime Minister, including government public relations, the management of public records, and peacekeeping missions.

Even though bureaucrats are heavily responsible, it is incredibly satisfying to be at the top of major government legislation.


Duty at the Foreign Affairs Ministry

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is tasked with defending both national interests and individual lives. Thinking about global policy, negotiating agreements with other nations, and frequently interacting with the outside world are characteristics of bureaucrats at the Ministry of Global Affairs.

Furthermore, we gather, examine, and communicate data that could be profitable or harmful to the nation. We also carry out tasks about the safeguarding of non-native citizens.


Communications and Internal Affairs Ministry

Its function is to promote the foundational systems of India, including civil servant businesses, local financing and administration, voting, communication and information, disaster management and firefighting, surveys of statistics, and the development of new systems as well as for social and economic initiatives.


The Ministry of Justice

Its responsibilities include upholding the rule of law, defending individual rights, and enhancing the fundamental legal framework. In addition, it controls the judicial, civil service, criminal, and civil systems, as well as migration and human rights violations.



How do Politicians and Bureaucrats vary from one another?

From the point of view of participating in national politics, it is simple to mix up politicians and bureaucrats because they frequently collaborate. Politicians and bureaucrats, however, are very different from one another.

Individuals who are hired by central ministries after passing the national exam are known as bureaucrats. However, there are no specific tests for national lawmakers; their only requirement is to win an election at the national level. You will be eligible for service as a member of the Parliament following your election.

This is how bureaucracy is explained. A nation’s bureaucracy is vital to its functioning. As a bureaucrat, the work is quite demanding, but it is also very rewarding.

Most likely, a person who works in politics comes to mind when you hear the word “bureaucrat”. Indian politics employs a large number of individuals, but the legal definition of a bureaucrat is ambiguous. You can consider them, in general, to be “national civil servants who participate directly in the development of national budgets and legislation.” Professional bureaucrats or senior national public servants are other terms that are occasionally used to describe them.



The Difference between Parliament Members and Bureaucrats

Parliament members are different from other powerful bureaucrats. As the elected representatives of the citizens, the members of the parliament are chosen by the electorate and tasked with enacting legislation.

However, bureaucrats are national civil service employees who are employed following a test rather than being chosen through elections. The fact that Parliament members are entitled to several constitutional benefits sets them apart from bureaucrats in another important way.



The Role of Bureaucracy

“National civil servants with impact over national policy decisions” are bureaucrats.

Members of the Parliament are in charge of creating laws, creating budgets for ministries and agencies, managing and inspecting affiliated organizations, and creating policies for the institutions they are affiliated with even if they do not have the final word in matters.

Bureaucrats play a major role in carrying over the day-to-day operations of government agencies and ministries to improve the nation.



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