No, Uttar Pradesh has not Implemented Two-Child Policy India

No, Uttar Pradesh has not Implemented Two-Child Policy India

The child policy in India is a government scheme to impose two children in a family. Right now, the Uttar Pradesh government implemented a two-child policy that is going viral. But the fact is, it is not true.

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What the Matter?

A user on the X platform shared data that Uttar Pradesh implemented a two-child policy, in which if a family has more than two children, then they are not able to enjoy government facilities like No government job, no PM ration, no house (sic). He/she also stated that this data was taken during a meeting of the state’s public welfare projects. This post went viral and was viewed by several people. Moreover, some users are also sharing clips where a news channel is sharing that the chief minister has come up with a new plan for population control. That is why the fact is misleading and going viral. There is no official news that Uttar Pradesh is implementing two-child policies. However, a draft bill for this policy has been submitted to the state government, but it has not been passed yet.

What is the Two-child policy in India?

Two-child policy in India is a population control measure run by the government. This scheme aims to limit families to having no more than two children. India is one of the most populated countries in the world. The government brought this concept, but it is not a national-level policy. various states have implemented such measures with differing degrees of strictness and incentives and where some of the states are not following them. Uttar Pradesh is not following the two-child policy right now. Two-child policy in India is always a debated topic where supporters say that it is necessary for controlling population growth and critics raise concerns about its ethical and social implications.

Since the 1950s, India has been trying to control the population by launching its family planning program, the first such initiative in the world. During the Emergency in the 1970s, a sterilisation campaign was started under Sanjay Gandhi to bring awareness but it left a negative impression on the public regarding population control measures

State-Level Implementation

two-child policies are not followed by all states. Several states follow two-child policies in various forms by changing terms and rules. Here are some notable examples of some states

  • Rajasthan: Rajasthan implemented two-child policies in 2001. They implemented a rule that those who have more than two children are restricted to government jobs and promotions.Exceptions were later introduced for remarried employees and those with twins or triplets​.
  • Madhya Pradesh: Madhya Pradesh also implemented a two-child policy in 2001 with the same rules. They also restrict government employee and local body elections from having more than two children.
  • Maharashtra: Maharashtra also follows the two-child policy by restricting individuals with more than two children from contesting local body elections and holding certain government positions. Later, this policy extends to the Public Distribution System (PDS).
  • Gujarat: Gujarat also implemented a two-child policy. They also restrict local authorities’ acts to disqualify candidates with more than two children from local body elections.
  • Assam: The Assam government gradually implemented two-child policies in 2017. They also restrict government jobs and eligibility for government schemes who have more than two children.
  • Uttar Pradesh: Right now, there is a two-child policy in Uttar Pradesh. UP proposed the Uttar Pradesh Population (Control, Stabilization, and Welfare) Bill in 2021, but it has not been approved yet.

Public, Political and Supreme Court Reaction to India’s Two-Child Policy

  • Public Reaction: Implementing two-child policies in various Indian states has mixed reactions from the public. Some people believe that this policy is necessary to control the population of the country and ensure sustainable development. India stands at over 1.4 billion, which is huge. Controlling the population will manage resources better, reduce poverty, and improve living standards. On the other hand, the critics believed that these policies can lead to gender imbalances, increased instances of female infanticide, and discrimination against families with more than two children. Every person has their thoughts and supports or criticises the policies. States like Assam, where two-child policies are partially implemented. There is considerable debate. Many citizens believe that implementing policy impacts personal freedoms and the potential for increased discrimination. 
  • Political Reaction: The same reaction is seen in the Political field. Some political leaders and parties support it and say it is essential for population control and economic stability BJP supports these policies in some states. Likewise, there is also significant opposition who is against it.
  • Supreme Court’s Stand: The Supreme Court of India has taken caution on two-child policies. In 2018, the Supreme Court ruled that having more than two children will disqualify a person from contesting panchayat elections, but it has generally refrained from mandating a nationwide two-child policy. The Supreme Court understands the complexities and potential human rights issues related to population control measures. In response to a petition for a population control law, the Union government stated that they were against the two-child policies.


The two-child policy in India represents a complex and multifaceted issue. It is always a debate topic in all the states. Where some states follow it and some are not. State who implemented two-child policies also has citizen who does not support it. However, with the rapidly growing population of India, it is essential to take population control measurements. If the population increases like that, it is going to be difficult to survive. A limited or controlled population in the country will help to manage resources better, reduce poverty, and improve living standards for the Indians.


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