Different Types of Trains in Indian Railways: From Luxury to Mail!

Indian Railways is a vast and complex network. India holds one of the largest and busiest railway networks in the world. Indian Railways are the backbone of India’s transport infrastructure. It connects every rural and urban part of the country. There are different types of trains operated by the Indian Railways Services. Today, we bring you the list of different types of Indian Railways.

  1. Rajdhani Express: Rajdhani Express runs from New Delhi. the capital city of India. It runs at the speed of 130/140 km/hr. It is one of the best trains operated by the Indian Railways. 
  • Purpose: Connect New Delhi with major cities.
  • Features: Fully air-conditioned, high-speed service, includes meals in the fare.
  • Classes: 1A, 2A, 3A.
  • Significance: Known for punctuality and comfort.
  1. Shatabdi Express: Shatabdi Express is a luxurious variant of Indian Railways. Mainly, it is day trains and covers short distances. Right now, there are 25 pairs of these series.
  • Purpose: Day trains connecting major cities.
  • Features: Fully air-conditioned, known for speed and comfort, includes meals.
  • Classes: Executive Class, Chair Car.
  • Significance: Punctual and ideal for short distances.
  1. Rajya Rani Express: Rajya Rani Express is popular for tourism, pilgrimage, or business purposes. It connects one state to another state.
  • Purpose: Connects state capitals to important cities within the state.
  • Features: Non-air-conditioned and air-conditioned coaches.
  • Classes: Sleeper, General, 3A.
  • Significance: Facilitates regional connectivity.
  1. Jan Shatabdi Express: Jan Shatabdi Express is a superfast train. It runs at a top speed of 140 km/hr. It is an economical version of the Shatabdi Express.
  • Purpose: Economical version of Shatabdi Express.
  • Features: Air-conditioned and non-air-conditioned coaches, affordable fares.
  • Classes: 2S, CC.
  • Significance: Budget-friendly for short-distance travel.
  1. Sampark Kranti Express: Sampark Kranti Express is a superfast train of the Indian Railway. It runs at the speed of 110 km/hr. It is an affordable train as an alternative to the Rajdhani Express. 
  • Purpose: Connects major cities with the national capital.
  • Features: Limited stops, high-speed service.
  • Classes: 1A, 2A, 3A, SL, 2S.
  • Significance: Efficient long-distance travel.
  1. Gatimaan Express: Gatimaan Express is the first semi-high-speed train in the Indian Railway. It runs at a speed of 160 km/hr. It comes with a lot of modern facilities.
  • Purpose: Semi-high-speed service between New Delhi and Jhansi.
  • Features: Fully air-conditioned, onboard catering, infotainment.
  • Classes: Executive Class, Chair Car.
  • Significance: India’s fastest train.
  1. Kavi Guru Express: Kavi Guru Express is a superfast Express. It was launched in the hour of Rabindranath Tagore, who is also known as Kavi Guru in Bengali.
  • Purpose: Named in honour of Rabindranath Tagore, connects cities associated with him.
  • Features: Regular passenger amenities.
  • Classes: Varies by route.
  • Significance: Celebrates cultural heritage.
  1. Vande Bharat Express: Vande Bharat Express is also known as Train 18. It comes with a lot of modern facilities. It runs at a speed of 200 km/hr. It is one of the fastest trains in India under Indian railways.
  • Purpose: Semi-high-speed, self-propelled train set, also known as Train 18.
  • Features: Modern amenities, luxurious seating, high speed.
  • Classes: Executive Class, Chair Car.
  • Significance: Represents modern Indian rail advancements.
  1. Duronto Express: Duronto Express is a premium train in the Indian Railways. It is a superfast train, which runs at the speed of 130 km. hr. It goes a long distance in less time.
  • Purpose: Non-stop long-distance trains.
  • Features: Fully air-conditioned, few commercial stops, includes meals.
  • Classes: 1A, 2A, 3A, SL.
  • Significance: Fast and efficient long-distance travel.
  1. Tejas Express: Tejas Express is India’s first-ever private. This express is operated by the Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC). It runs at a speed of 180 km/hr. 
  • Purpose: Premium service with modern amenities.
  • Features: Fully air-conditioned, automatic doors, infotainment, catering.
  • Classes: Executive Class, Chair Car.
  • Significance: High-end travel experience.
  1. Maharaja Express: Maharaja Express is a superfast train. It connects Agra to several cities. It is a premium tourist train of Indian Railways. In addition, it provides modern amenities.
  • Purpose: Luxury tourist train.
  • Features: Opulent interiors, gourmet dining, guided tours.
  • Classes: Suites, Presidential Suites, Deluxe Cabins.
  • Significance: Offers a royal travel experience.
  1. Humsafar Express: Humsafar Express is a fully AC train. It is one of the premium trains of Indian Railways. It comes with modern and unique facilities like GPS in every coach, LED screen and many more.
  • Purpose: Long-distance service with modern amenities.
  • Features: Fully air-conditioned three-tier coaches, bio-toilets, CCTV.
  • Classes: 3A.
  • Significance: Affordable luxury for long-distance travellers.
  1. 1 Samjhauta Express: Samjhauta Express is a special train which runs between India and Pakistan. It runs twice a week.
  • Purpose: Connects India and Pakistan.
  • Features: International travel service.
  • Classes: Standard seating.
  • Significance: Symbolises diplomatic and cultural ties.
  1. Intercity Express: Intercity Express is the most affordable train in the Indian Railway. It is most preferred over the other express trains. It runs at high speed.
  • Purpose: Connects nearby cities within the same state or neighbouring states.
  • Features: Frequent stops, caters to daily commuters.
  • Classes: 2S, CC.
  • Significance: Facilitates short-distance regional travel.
  1. Yuva Express: Yuva Express is a special train in which 60 per cent of seats are reserved for the youth. It was launched by the Former railway minister Mamta Banerjee. There are only two Yuva Express trains.
  • Purpose: Economical travel for young people.
  • Features: Fully air-conditioned, affordable fares.
  • Classes: 3A.
  • Significance: Targets the youth demographic.
  1. Mountain Railways: Mountain Railways trains are special trains that run through the mountains of India. There are seven mountain railways in the country, of which three are World Heritage Sites by UNESCO and named Mountain Railways of India. These three are the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway aka Toy Train, the Kalka–Shimla Railway, and the Nilgiri Mountain Railway.
  • Purpose: Heritage and scenic routes in mountainous regions.
  • Examples: Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Nilgiri Mountain Railway, Kalka-Shimla Railway.
  • Features: Narrow-gauge tracks, scenic views.
  • Significance: UNESCO World Heritage sites, tourist attractions.
  1. Bullet Train: The Bullet Train of Indian Railways is inspired by Japan’s bullet train. The speed of the bullet train is significant. It runs at a speed of 200 kilometres per hour to 600 kilometres per hour. India’s first bullet train ran between Mumbai and Ahmedabad.
  • Purpose: High-speed rail service.
  • Current Project: Mumbai-Ahmedabad High-Speed Rail Corridor.
  • Features: Advanced technology, high speeds, modern amenities.
  • Significance: Represents the future of high-speed travel in India.
  1. Superfast Express
  • Purpose: Long-distance travel with fewer stops.
  • Features: Average speed above 55 km/h, superfast surcharge.
  • Classes: Varies by train.
  • Significance: Reduces travel time significantly
  1. Metro Train
  • Purpose: Urban rapid transit systems.
  • Cities: Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Bengaluru, Chennai, etc.
  • Features: High-frequency, automated, clean and efficient.
  • Significance: Eases urban congestion, and provides fast city travel.
  1. Mail Train
  • Purpose: Combines passenger and mail transport.
  • Features: Long-distance with regular stops.
  • Classes: Varies by train.
  • Significance: Essential for delivering mail and providing passenger services.

Leave a Comment

Floating Icons