How to Start a Garden: Gardening Made Easy with 10 Tips for Beginners

How to Start a Garden

We all dream of having a beautiful garden in our houses, but the task of making a garden seems like too big of a responsibility. You might be confused as to how one can even make a garden. How does that process start, what goes into it, and how do you finish it? These questions will instantly disappear from your mind after you read this article because we will be discussing the 10 easiest steps to start a garden that is beginners-friendly! 

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1. Consider what to plant:

A garden cannot be an empty piece of land. It needs to be full of green, luscious plants and grass. You can choose your plants depending on your needs, such as wanting a flower garden, vegetable garden, herb garden or a combination of them. There are lots of things to consider before choosing what plant you wish to grow in your garden, like the type of requirements your chosen plant might have. 

2. Pick a good spot:

The next step to making a garden yourself is picking the perfect spot. It is important to consider that most plants need around 7 hours of sunlight. Your garden should be set up in a space that receives enough sunlight and where the plants can be watered easily. However, if your spot doesn’t receive sunlight, various plants can be grown in the shade like hostas and outdoor ferns. If you need more help, it is always better to talk to a gardener and ask them your plant-related queries. 

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3. Clear the ground:

It is best to choose a flat area that does not require a lot of moderation. However, if your piece of land is a bit rocky, it is best to flatten and clear it first. Get rid of the excess soil and overgrown weeds that might stunt the growth of plants. You can use a gardening technique known as the lasagna gardening method. Simply cover your garden with 5 layers of newspaper and add a 3-inch layer of compost on top. Water your land and wait for it to decompose. Voila! 

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4. Test and improve your soil:

Your soil should be healthy enough to support the growth of your plants. Make sure to get a soil test done by professionals since this is something you can’t do yourself. After you get the results, study all the weaknesses your soil has and work on them. Usually, soil used in residential projects has fewer nutrients and needs a boost. This boost can be easily provided by adding any organic matter. 

5. Prepare your planting beds:

The first step to preparing your planting beds is making the soil loose. Loose soil is easily able to access air, water and other nutrients and provide it to the roots of the plants. You can use tools to loosen your soil or simply dig with your hands. If your garden is small, digging by hand is your easiest and best option. Make sure the soil is moist enough and is mixed with organic matter before planting. 

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  1. Pick your plants: You can’t choose plants randomly just by the looks of them. The plants you pick should be able to survive the climate of your garden. For example, if your garden gets 3 hours of sunlight, you should get plants that only need 3 hours of sunlight to thrive. Some easy plants to grow are marigolds, sunflowers, geraniums (annuals), pansies, phlox, Russian sage (perennials), tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers and lettuce (vegetables). 
  2. Start planting: Now begins the fun part. It is time to do the hands-on work for building your garden. Get your seed packets and make sure to read all the information given on them. Before seeding, make sure your soil is damp and not wet since wet soil can lead to the rotting of the seeds. If starting from seeds seems hard, you can get small potted plants that you can take out and put in your garden. Place your plants at appropriate distances so that they don’t have to fight for nutrients. You can use your hands or a fork to untangle any tangled roots and then pat the soil after planting is done. 
  3. Water your plants correctly: it is important to note that not all plants require the same amount of water to grow. If you have started your planting journey with seeds, make sure to provide them with water as per the information on the packet. If you start with small plants, then ask your gardener about how much water a plant needs. Our main motive is to keep the soil moist so you should also be aware of what kind of soil is present in your garden. Clay soil usually retains moisture while sandy soil on the other hand does not. 
  4. Mulch your garden: Mulching your garden is an important step as it prevents the growth of weeds and keeps your soil moisturised. Munch will prevent direct sunlight from entering the soil and hence prevent the germination of weeds. mulch can be made up of organic matter, such as tree bark, compost, and kitchen waste. Organic matter will provide your soil with a lot of nutrients as it decomposes.
  5. Maintain your garden regularly: Once a garden is made, you will have to take care of it regularly. Make sure that your plants are receiving enough sunlight and are being watered according to their requirements. Keep providing your soil with organic matter and make sure to cut any weeds that might be coming in the way of your plants’ growth. 

 

I hope that by now, you are all set to start building your garden!

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