‘Matka Phod’ Protest by Congress Against Delhi Water Crisis | Why Delhi Facing Water Crisis?

Delhi facing a water crisis in this longest heatwave year. The current water crisis has reached a critical stage, which is affecting millions of residents and significant governmental and judicial interventions. 

Delhi, the capital of India is facing an acute water shortage amidst one of its hottest summers where the temperature is going to 50 degrees Celsius. It is going to be difficult to serve the people. The severe water crisis is seen in many areas like Chanakyapuri’s Sanjay Camp, Geeta Colony in East Delhi, Patel Nagar, Mehrauli, and Chhatarpur. The water demand has surged due to the heatwave, exacerbating the crisis.

Residents of Chanakyapuri’s Sanjay Camp, Geeta Colony in East Delhi, Patel Nagar, Mehrauli, Chhatarpur, etc are struggling for drinking water. They are facing the problem of long queues and limited access to water. People are saying ” There is no water, if water comes for 5 minutes, it is dirty water, They don’t have water for drinking. They are not taking baths”. This crisis has highlighted the vulnerabilities in Delhi’s water infrastructure and the urgent need for sustainable water management practices.



Why is Delhi Facing a Water Crisis?

The Delhi crisis arose when Haryana refused to release surplus water for the national capital of India. However, it is not just Delhi, many other cities are burning in the heat waves and facing a water crisis. Heat Waves increase the use of power and water consumption, which are significant causes of lack of water.

Currently, the residents of Delhi are struggling with drinking water. The main reason for the shortage of water is climate change. The overutilization and wastage of water cause the current situation in Delhi. According to a report, the average Indian wastes 30 per cent of their daily water requirement. In addition, on every flush of the toilet, there were 6 litres of water, which is an unnecessary wastage of water. As per a Down to Earth magazine report, every day 4,84,20,000 crore cubic metres i.e. 48.42 billion one-litre bottles of water are wasted, where 160 million people in the country don’t even get clean and fresh water to drink.

On the Delhi Water crisis, the BJP and the Congress are running a “Matka Phod ” campaign. Politics came over the water crisis. Both the BJP and the Congress have taken to the streets to protest against the AAP government. They are blaming the AAP government and say to look out for the water crisis amid the extreme heat wave here in Delhi. 



Government Activity

The Supreme Court of India has intervened to address the crisis. On June 1, 2024, the Court requested Himachal Pradesh to provide 137 cusecs of surplus water to Delhi. It states that there should be no politics over water and tries to highlight the issue. The Supreme Court is trying to resolve the Delhi water crisis. This order of the Supreme Court aims to provide the flow of water from Himachal Pradesh through Haryana to Delhi via the Wazirabad barrage. Soon, the surplus water will be released by the HP government through the Wazirabad barrage.

In addition, the government has also taken multiple steps to reduce the water crisis. here are the major steps by the government on the situation-

  • Emergency Measures: The Government deployed a quick response team to inspect major pipelines for leaks and ensure the efficient distribution of water tankers through Delhi. The Government is providing free water tankers to all the areas and helping to provide at least drinking water to the residents.
  • Legal Actions: The Delhi government filed a petition in the Supreme Court regarding the surplus water supply from Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. Due to government legal action, the Supreme Court urged Himachal Pradesh to increase the water supply to the capital.
  • Fines for Wastage: The government is also imposing Fines for wasting water. A fine of ₹2,000 will be paid by the one who wastes water by washing vehicles with hoses and using domestic water supplies for construction purposes and many more.



Delhi Congress chief Devender Yadav participated in the protests

Delhi Congress chief Devender Yadav, who participated in the protests, called for a special session of the assembly to discuss the issue. He claimed on Friday that the Delhi government hadn’t taken effective steps to handle the city’s water shortage, forcing people to chase after water tankers.

Water Minister Atishi stated on Friday that water production in Delhi was continuously dropping because less water was reaching the Yamuna river. The AAP government has accused BJP-led Haryana of withholding Delhi’s water share.

Atishi shared data showing that water production was 1,002 million gallons per day (MGD) on June 6. The next day, it dropped to 993 MGD, and further declined to 990 MGD by June 8. It decreased to 978 MGD on June 9, and by June 10, it was down to 958 MGD. On June 11, 12, and 13, water production levels were reported as 919 MGD, 951 MGD, and 939 MGD respectively.

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